Cars / Braking
Brake System - Cars
The brake system for motor vehicles is a device which inhibits motion. The brake is the opposite component of the clutch. The brake system uses friction to convert kinetic energy into heat. The braking system is a combination of many elements such as brake discs, brake drums, brake pads, brake calipers, brake cylinder, oil pipes or hoses, servo system, brake pump, cylinder and much more.
All vehicles have a brake system of a similar type and device. Brake discs are usually made of cast iron, but may in some cases be made of carbon or ceramic composite materials. To stop the rotation of the wheels, the brake discs are squeezed by brake pads mounted on a device called a brake caliper, which are located on both sides of the disc.
Friction slows down the speed of rotation to varying degrees, depending on the pressure applied. As mentioned earlier, frictional heat is produced. When the brake discs and pads become too hot, their effectiveness is lowered. Compared to drum brakes, disc brakes offer better stopping power for the vehicle because it is easier to cool.
The most effective and popular disc braking systems are applied in sports cars. As you know, these cars demand more braking performance. The discs are now commonly used in most cars, although many others use drum brakes on the rear wheels to keep costs and weight down. As the front brakes perform the majority of the braking effort, this can be a reasonable compromise.